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The air contamination in Cracow and Tarnov

Autor /DenoZomma Dodano /30.05.2005

The aim of this work is a comparison between the actual state of the air in Cracov and Tarnov and perceptual assessment of the contamination level in Cracow.

The environment contamination is leading solid, liquid, gaseous substances and energy into environment, in the quantity or composition which may influence human health, climate, living nature, soil, water or cause other changes in the environment, including cultural.
The contamination is sometimes understood as exceeding conventional standards of the state of the environment or acceptable pollution emission indicators. The most dangerous sorts of pollution are carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), selphur dioxide (8O2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), phosphorus (P), mercury (Mg), lead (Pb), petroleum, DDT, other pesticides and ionizing and non ionizing electromagnetic radiation.

Tarnov is the city situated in the south of Poland in the malopolska province area, by the Biala river. It covers an area of 72,4 square kilometres and its population number is 117,6 thousand (2005). The first mention of Tarnov was date to the beginning of the XII century. Tarnov was given the city charter in 1330. In the period between 1975- 1998 Tarnov was a capital of tarnovskie province. There was a cultural and tourist centre during the interwar period nearby Moscice (nowadays the Tarnov's district). At present, there are Nitrogen plants on the Great Moscice district area. Moreover, Moscice is the place where engineering, metallurgical, building material's, food and glass industry is located.
Tarnov is also an important road and rail hub.

Cracov- city in the south of Poland, situated by the Vistula river. It is the third city in Poland, after Warsaw and Lodz, in respects of population number and the senond in respects of area.
Cracov is the one of the oldest Polish cities, with millenary history and high cultural and architectural values. In the past Cracow was the administrative capital of Poland and the seat of Polish kings.
Nowadays, Cracov is the capital of malopolska district and historical Malopolska. It is the city chartered according to the district law and the seat of malopolska district's authorities. There is the head office of the institution with a central character on the premises of Cracov.
Cracov performs a very important administrative, cultural, educational, economic, subordinate and tourist function. It is crutial road and rail hub. There is the second largest Polish airport of international significance and transatlantic character (Balice). With the help of a track service, we are able to get from the centre of the city to Balice.

Cracov lies on the south of Poland in a valley by the Vistula river, at the foot of the edge of Pogorze Karpackie, at the height 219 metres above sea level.

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