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City of Kraków

Autor /Olivier Dodano /10.11.2011

Krakow lies in the Southern part of Poland on the Vistula river. Approximately 300 km North is Warsaw, the capital of Poland, and 100 km South are the Tatra Mountains, forming the southern border of the country. In the Krakow, in the year 1000, a Roman Catholic bishopric was founded. In the Krakow is residential royal castle was constructed on the Wawel Hill, becoming the site for the coronation and burial of kings, as Krakow was the capital of Poland from the 11- 17 century. In the Krakow in 1364, the Cracow Academy was established, the first Polish university (today renamed the Jagiellonian University).

The city image has changed during the past centuries. During the Middle Ages, Krakow was a safe, rich, fortified city surrounded by walls with 55 towers (fragments of the city fortification have been preserved to this day). During the Renaissance, Krakow became the centre of progressive ideas, with a culture that concentrated the most outstanding humanists, writers, architects and musicians. Even a few centuries later, while the city was going through an economic decline during the period of Modernism, quite probably the whole of the Polish artistic elite found its haven in Krakow.

City life focused around the Market Square, the second largest in Europe after St. Mark's Square in Venice. Tradition interlaces with modern times nearly everywhere you go, and each stone has its own history. There is a multitude of architectural monuments estimated at 6 thousand buildings and other types and forms of construction. This is supplemented by approximately 2.5 million artefacts collected and displayed in museums, churches and archives. Thanks to the extraordinary accumulation of cultural wealth, the city was registered as one of the 12 sites on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It is impossible to describe or even list all the tourist attractions in Cracow. For sure, however, each tourist will discover his own magical Cracow.

While some will follow the footsteps of Nicholas Copernicus, others will be interested in sites linked with John Paul II. Some will be fascinated by the world-wide unique underground corridors of the Wieliczka salt mine, and, some others will wander around the alleys of the Jewish Kazimierz district. Still others will stand enchanted in front of the Wit Stwosz alter. Benefiting from its geographical location, Krakow aims at becoming the meeting place of many cultures and nations, successfully claims its position as a Central European metropolis, a city of culture, art and science. Several universities are located in Krakow. Many world outstanding representatives of Polish culture reside in Krakow. J like very much salads and tea in salads Bar "Chimera" at the St. Anny street. To this bar even are coming Wisława Szymborska and Czesław Miłosz.

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